NAS Network Attached Storage Overview

In this SAN and NAS Storage training tutorial, I’ll cover the basics of Network Attached Storage and show you what NAS looks like from the client’s point of view with a lab demo. I also examine the differences between NAS and SAN. Scroll down for the video and also text tutorial.

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NAS Network Attached Storage Overview – Video Tutorial

YouTube video

Jesse Rajca

Jesse Rajca

Fantastic course for someone who is already in IT and looking to get involved with storage networks. I didn’t realize how much there was to know, and how different it was from your typical networking. If you’re a network or system administrator and are looking to experiment with something a bit different, this course will make sure you know the fundamentals of how a SAN is supposed to work.

Jesse Rajca

What is NAS - Network Attached Storage?

 

NAS stands for Network Attached Storage and it provides file level access to the storage system. Meaning that with NAS, the management of the file system resides with the storage system. The client connects to the storage system, the storage is already there and configured, and the file system is managed by the storage system.

 

NAS typically uses the existing data network infrastructure. So the existing network cards, cables, and switches that were already there in your local area network and it is being used for data, will also be used for storage as well.

 

NAS Protocol Types

 

CIFS/SMB – the Common Internet File system / Server Message Block

NFS – the Network File System

 

What is SAN – Storage Area Network?

 

SAN stands for Storage Area Network and it provides block level access to the storage resources. With SAN the management of the file system resides with the client. The client connects to its storage and gets low level block access to that storage.

 

The client will see it showing up just like as if you'd added a new hard drive in the client and it will have to format the storage with a file system before it can use it.

 

SAN typically has a dedicated storage network infrastructure. We don't use the existing network cards, cables, switches that we have for our normal data network, we will put in a dedicated network just for storage.

 

SAN Protocol Types

 

I’ll cover the SAN protocols in more depth in later videos.

FCFibre Channel

iSCSIthe Internet Small Computer System Interface

FCoEFibre Channel over Ethernet

Unified Storage

 

Many modern storage systems support both NAS and SAN protocols. Back in the old days, your storage system would typically support either SAN or NAS, but not both at the same time. Some storage systems still work like that, but a lot of the newer storage systems support all of the NAS and all of the SAN protocols as well on the same system.

 

SAN Only – Boot From SAN

 

A feature that is only available in SAN is ‘Boot from SAN’. Because SAN provides block level access, which appears the same to the client as a locally installed drive, it's possible to boot directly from the remote storage.

 

This makes it possible to have diskless servers where we don't even need to put a local hard drive in that server. We can get really good cost savings from this. Boot from SAN is only supported on SAN, not NAS… that's why it's called ‘Boot from SAN’.

 

CIFS – The Common Internet File System

 

CIFS is the Common Internet File system, it's a version of SMB, the Server Message Block. There are slight differences between the two terms but they’re often used interchangeably.

 

CIFS was developed by Microsoft and designed for Windows-based clients. UNIX, LINUX, and other clients can however also access CIFS shares through the use of Samba. With CIFS, the servers share the storage and the clients use or map that share.

 

Please watch the video to see a hands-on demonstration of connecting to a CIFs share from a Windows client.

 

NFS – The Network File System

 

NFS is the Network File System. It was developed by Sun Microsystems originally for UNIX based clients, so it's a good fit for LINUX as well. Just like how other operating systems can access CIFS shares, other clients like Windows and VMware ESXi can also access NFS exports.

 

With CIFS, the servers share and the clients use or map that share. With NFS, the servers export and the clients mount the export. An export in NFS is equivalent to a share in CIFS.

 

Check the video to see a Linux client mounting an NFS export in the lab.

 

Additional Resources

 

Wikipedia - Network Attached Storage

Microsoft Technet - CIFS

Microsoft Technet - SMB

University of Wisconsin - NFS

 

Free ‘Introduction to SAN and NAS Storage’ training course

The video is an excerpt from my Introduction to SAN and NAS Storage training. You can get the entire series for free here:

http://learn.www.flackbox.com/courses/introduction-to-san-and-nas-storage

When you're ready to take your storage knowledge to the next level, you can get my 'NetApp ONTAP 9 Storage Complete' training course.